Якщо наполегливо працювати, одного разу настає той довгоочікуваний момент абсолютної ясності. Коли впевнений, що використовуєш Past Perfect правильно, коли ясно відрізняєш Present Perfect від Past Simple. Дивіться уважно і запам'ятовуйте, лис старався для вас.

Не забудьте пройти вправи в кінці уроку!

English Grammar - Webinar

 

 

To horilka – вживати горілку (не шукайте в словничку, повірте нам на слово).

Here are Fox’s confessions in all 12 tenses:

Present Simple

I horilka every day.

Теперішній простий

Subject + V(-s, -es) / Do (does).

  • Affirmative: I horilka every day.
  • Negative: I don't horilka every day. 
  • Interrogative: Do I horilka every day?

Time markers: every day/ week / month / year, always, usually, often, sometimes, never.

 

 

Present Continuous

Теперішній тривалий

I am horilking now.

Subject + to be (am / is / are) V(-ing).

  • Affirmative: I'm horilking now. 
  • Negative: I am not horilking now. 
  • Interrogative: Am I horilking now?

Time markers: now, at the moment.

 

 

Present Perfect

Теперішній завершений

I have already horilked.

Subject + have / has V(-ed, III).

  • Affirmative: I have already horilked.
  • Negative: I have not horilked yet.
  • Interrogative: Have I horilked yet?

Time markers: ever, never, just, already, yet, lately, recently.

 

 

Present Perfect Continuous 

Теперішній завершено-тривалий

I have been horilking since childhood.

Subject + have / has been V(-ing).

  • Affirmative: I have been horilking for a week.
  • Negative: I have not been horilking for a week.
  • Interrogative: Have I been horilking for a week?

Time markers: for, since.

 

 

Past Simple

Минулий простий

I horilked yesterday.

Subject + V(-ed, II) / Did.

  • Affirmative: I horilked yesterday.
  • Negative: I didn't horilkа yesterday.
  • Interrogative: Did I horilkа yesterday.

Time markers: yesterday, last week, in 2015.

 

 

Past Continuous

Минулий тривалий

I was horilking at the moment my wife came.

Subject + to be (was / were) + V(-ing).

  • Affirmative: I was horilking at the moment my wife came.
  • Negative: I was not horilking at the moment my wife came.
  • Interrogative: Was I horilking at the moment my wife came?

Time markers: when, while, at ... o'clock yesterday.

 

 

Past Perfect

Минулий доконаний

I had already horilked when my wife came.

Subject + have / has been V(-ing).

  • Affirmative: I had already horilked when my wife came.
  • Negative: I had not horilked when my wife came.
  • Interrogative: Had I horilked when my wife came?

Time markers: by, just, when, already.

 

 

Past Perfect Continuous

Минулий завершено-тривалий

I had been horilking for about a month when my wife came.

Subject + had been V(-ing).

  • Affirmative: I had been horilking for about a month when my wife came.
  • Negative: I had not been horilking for about a month when my wife came.
  • Interrogative: Had I been horilking for about a month when my wife came?

Time markers: when, for.

 

 

Future Simple

Майбутній простий

I will horilka tomorrow.

Subject + will + V.

  • Affirmative: I will horilka tomorrow.
  • Negative: I will not horilka tomorrow.
  • Interrogative: Will I horilka tomorrow?

Time markers: tomorrow, next week / year, in a week.

 

 

Future Continuous

Майбутній тривалий

I will be horilking tomorrow at 5.

Subject + will be V(-ing).

  • Affirmative: I will be horilking tomorrow at 5.
  • Negative: I will not be horilking tomorrow at 5.
  • Interrogative: Will I be horilking tomorrow at 5?

Time markers: at this moment, tomorrow, at this time.

 

 

Future Perfect

Майбутній завершений

Tomorrow by 5 o’clock I will have horilked.

Subject + will + have V(-ed, III).

  • Affirmative: Tomorrow by 5 o’clock I will have horilked.
  • Negative: Tomorrow by 5 o’clock I will not have horilked.
  • Interrogative: Will I have horilked tomorrow by 5 o’clock?

Time markers: by.

 

 

Future Perfect Continuous

Майбутній завершено-тривалий

By tomorrow morning I will have been horilking for a week.

Subject + will + have been V(-ing).

  • Affirmative: By tomorrow morning I will have been horilking for a week.
  • Negative: By tomorrow morning I will not have been horilking for a week.
  • Interrogative: Will I have been horilking for a week by tomorrow morning?

Time markers: by, when + for.

 

 

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