Если упорно работать, однажды наступает тот долгожданный момент абсолютной ясности, когда уверен, что используешь Past Perfect правильно, когда ясно отличаешь Present Perfect от Past Simple. Смотрите внимательно и запоминайте, лис старался для вас.

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English Grammar - Webinar

 

 

To horilka – употреблять горилку (не ищите в словаре, поверьте нам на слово).

Here are Fox’s confessions in all 12 tenses:

Present Simple

I horilka every day.

Настоящее простое

Subject + V(-s, -es) / Do (does).

Affirmative: I horilka every day.

Negative: I don't horilka every day. 

Interrogative: Do I horilka every day?

Time markers: every day/ week / month / year, always, usually, often, sometimes, never.

 

 

 

Present Continuous

Настоящее длительное

I am horilking now.

Subject + to be (am / is / are) V(-ing).

Affirmative: I'm horilking now. 

Negative: I am not horilking now. 

Interrogative: Am I horilking now?

Time markers: now, at the moment.

 

 

Present Perfect

Настоящее завершенное

I have already horilked.

Subject + have / has V(-ed, III).

Affirmative: I have already horilked.

Negative: I have not horilked yet.

Interrogative: Have I horilked yet?

Time markers: ever, never, just, already, yet, lately, recently.

 

 

Present Perfect Continuous 

Настоящее завершенно-длительное

I have been horilking since childhood.

Subject + have / has been V(-ing).

Affirmative: I have been horilking for a week.

Negative: I have not been horilking for a week.

Interrogative: Have I been horilking for a week?

Time markers: for, since.

 

 

Past Simple

Прошедшее простое

I horilked yesterday.

Subject + V(-ed, II) / Did.

Affirmative: I horilked yesterday.

Negative: I didn't horilkа yesterday.

Interrogative: Did I horilkа yesterday.

Time markers: yesterday, last week, in 2015.

 

 

Past Continuous

Прошеднее длительное

I was horilking at the moment my wife came.

Subject + to be (was / were) + V(-ing).

Affirmative: I was horilking at the moment my wife came.

Negative: I was not horilking at the moment my wife came.

Interrogative: Was I horilking at the moment my wife came?

Time markers: when, while, at ... o'clock yesterday.

 

 

Past Perfect

Прошедшее завершенное

I had already horilked when my wife came.

Subject + have / has been V(-ing).

Affirmative: I had already horilked when my wife came.

Negative: I had not horilked when my wife came.

Interrogative: Had I horilked when my wife came?

Time markers: by, just, when, already.

 

 

Past Perfect Continuous

Прошедшее завершенно-длительное

I had been horilking for about a month when my wife came.

Subject + had been V(-ing).

Affirmative: I had been horilking for about a month when my wife came.

Negative: I had not been horilking for about a month when my wife came.

Interrogative: Had I been horilking for about a month when my wife came?

Time markers: when, for.

 

Future Simple

Будущее простое

I will horilka tomorrow.

Subject + will + V.

Affirmative: I will horilka tomorrow.

Negative: I will not horilka tomorrow.

Interrogative: Will I horilka tomorrow?

Time markers: tomorrow, next week / year, in a week.

 

 

Future Continuous

Будущее длительное

I will be horilking tomorrow at 5.

Subject + will be V(-ing).

Affirmative: I will be horilking tomorrow at 5.

Negative: I will not be horilking tomorrow at 5.

Interrogative: Will I be horilking tomorrow at 5?

Time markers: at this moment, tomorrow, at this time.

 

 

Future Perfect

Будущее завершенное

Tomorrow by 5 o’clock I will have horilked.

Subject + will + have V(-ed, III).

Affirmative: Tomorrow by 5 o’clock I will have horilked.

Negative: Tomorrow by 5 o’clock I will not have horilked.

Interrogative: Will I have horilked tomorrow by 5 o’clock?

Time markers: by.

 

 

Future Perfect Continuous

Будущее завершенно-длительное

By tomorrow morning I will have been horilking for a week.

Subject + will + have been V(-ing).

Affirmative: By tomorrow morning I will have been horilking for a week.

Negative: By tomorrow morning I will not have been horilking for a week.

Interrogative: Will I have been horilking for a week by tomorrow morning ?

Time markers: by, when + for.

 

 

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